MMC stands for Microsoft Management Console that works as a container for single or multiple snap-ins. Snap-ins provide configuration options that are not generally available to the users even through Control Panel or other configurations locations. An example of a snap-in is Computer Management that can be accessed by right clicking ‘Computer’ icon and going to ‘Manage’ option. Alternatively, Computer Management snap-in can also be initialized by typing ‘COMPMGMT.MSC’ command in either the search box that is available at the bottom of the start menu in Microsoft Windows 7 or in the ‘Run’ command box that can be initialized by pressing ‘Windows + R’ keys simultaneously.
Computer Management is a multipurpose console that has multiple snap-ins added to it and it works as a snap-in itself which can be added to an MMC console. Computer Management contains most commonly used snap-ins that Microsoft assumes users might need to work on in order to easily customize Windows 7 settings to best fit their requirements. With the help of MMC, individual snap-ins can be added to the consoles and the consoles can then be saved individually by the desired names. For example, Computer Management snap-in contains Disk Management, Device Manager, etc., wherein with the help of MMC, Disk Management snap-in can be added separately to a different console and the same can be done with Device Manager snap-in.
In order to create customized snap-ins using MMC console, administrative privileges are required and the administrators must also provide their consent on the User Account Control confirmation box before they can create customized snap-ins using Microsoft Management Console.
Once the snap-ins are added to Microsoft Management Console, the console can be saved in any one of the available modes. The modes in which MMCs can be saved are:
- Author Mode – When an MMC is saved in this mode, the console can be modified and the snap-ins can be added or removed without any restrictions. Moreover, any added snap-in can also be opened in a new window in order to work on it individually and separately.
- User Mode-Full Access – When an MMC is saved in this mode, snap-ins cannot be added or removed, however the operator gets the full control over the entire tree of snap-ins that are added to it.
- User Mode-Limited Access, Multiple Windows – When an MMC is saved in this mode, hidden features and options of the snap-ins remain inaccessible, however the added snap-ins can be opened in new windows in order to allow the operators work on them separately.
- User Mode-Limited Access, Single Window – This MMC works in the same way as the previous one does with the exception that it does not allow the operators to open the added snap-ins in separate windows.
Adding Snap-ins to the MMC
To add snap-ins to an MMC, administrators must follow the steps given as below:
- Log on to Windows 7 computer with administrator account.
- Click Start button, and in the search box at the bottom of the menu, type MMC and press Enter key.
- On the displayed User Account Control confirmation box, it Yes button to provide the consent.
- On the opened Console1 – [Console Root] console, click File from the menu bar, and from the displayed list, click Add/Remove Snap-in.
- On the opened Add or Remove Snap-ins box, click to select Disk Management snap-in from the displayed list in the left under Available snap-ins section.
- Click Add button, and on the opened Select Computer box leave everything as default and click Finish button.
- Back on Add or Remove Snap-ins box, make sure that Disk Management snap-in is added to Selected snap-ins list in the left and click OK button to add the snap-in to the MMC.
- Once added, back on Console1 – [Console Root] console, click File from the menu bar and click Save button to save the console with the desired name in the default Author Mode.