In Microsoft Windows-based operating systems, multiple user accounts are created by the administrators so that a single computer can be shared by many users. When a user account is created in the Windows-based operating system, the operating system automatically assigns a unique ID to that account. This unique ID is technically known as a ‘Security Identifier’ or SID.
When administrators set NTFS permissions on the user accounts to allow or deny the access to the resources, in the background it is the SIDs of those user accounts on which the permissions are applied. In other words, an operating system identifies the user accounts on the basis of the security identifiers that it assigned to them.
Every individual user account, irrespective of its name, is assigned with a unique SID. This means that if a user account ‘A’ is created on a computer, the operating system assigns a unique SID to it. If ‘A’ user account is deleted and another user account with the same name is created, the operating system assigns a new SID to the new user account, and the administrators must then set the permissions on the new user account right from scratch.
In small scale organizations, where setting NTFS permissions for a user account is not very hectic, administrators can delete the user accounts and can create new ones and configure the NTFS or other permissions and privileges right from scratch. Whereas things become different and difficult in medium or large scale organizations where a single user account might belong to several groups and might have several permissions assigned to it. In these situations, it is not a wise step to delete a user account and create a new one when a user (an employee of the organization) is replaced. To make things easier, administrators rename the existing user accounts so that they could eliminate the requirements of setting the permissions and granting the privileges to them right from the start.
How to Rename a User Account in Microsoft Windows 8?
In order to rename a user account in Microsoft Windows 8, the steps given below must be followed:
- Log on to Windows 8 computer with the administrator account.
- On the Start window, click the Desktop icon.
- On the desktop screen, click the Windows Explorer icon from the taskbar.
- On the opened Libraries window, from the navigation pane in the left, right-click Computer.
- From the displayed context menu, click Manage.
- On the opened Computer Management snap-in, from the left pane, expand Local Users and Groups tree under the System Tools.
- From the displayed sub-containers, click to select Users.
- From the right pane, right-click the user account that is to be renamed, and from the context menu, click Rename.
- In the editable field, specify the new name for the user account and press Enter key. Alternatively, F2 key can also be pressed to rename the user account.