As the name suggests a User Group is a pool of user accounts sharing the same security rights. They are sometimes also referred to as Security Groups. It is inconvenient to assign a same set of privileges to several user accounts individually. Therefore in order to reduce administrative overhead, administrators mostly set NTFS and/or shared permissions to a group and make the desired user accounts member of that group.
A user account can be added to multiple groups at the same time. Windows has several group types such as Guests, Users, Power Users, Administrators, etc.. Each group has a different set of security rights and privileges. For example, if a user account is added to the Administrators group, it gets unrestricted privileges on the computer. On the other hand, the user account that belongs to the Users group receives most basic level of privileges, i.e. no administrative privileges are granted to that account. Whereas when a user account is added to the Guests group, it receives all the privileges that a standard (non-administrator) account receives, except that the guest account is not allowed to access network resources.
In addition to the built-in and system groups, administrators can also create other groups manually. Manually creating custom groups becomes important when a different set of NTFS and/or shared permissions needs to be assigned to multiple user accounts. In that case, it becomes more convenient to assign the permissions to a custom group and add the respective user accounts to that group instead of modifying the pre-defined default permissions that are assigned to the built-in or custom groups.
How to Add a New Group to Microsoft Windows 8?
- Log on to Windows 8 computer with administrator account.
- On the Start window, click Desktop icon.
- On the desktop screen, click Windows Explorer from the taskbar.
- On the opened Libraries window, from the navigation pane in the left, right-click Computer.
- From the displayed context menu, click Manage.
- On the Computer Management snap-in, from the left pane, under the System Tools category, expand Local Users and Groups container.
- From the expanded list, right click Groups sub-container.
- From the displayed context menu click New Group.
- On the New Group box, type a group name and a brief description in the Group name and Description fields respectively.
- Click Create to create a new group with the specified name. Alternatively, Add button can also be clicked before clicking Create button if user accounts are to be added to the group during its creation process.
- Close all the opened windows when done.